Respiratory Question #49


The nurse is caring for a client with HIV who is diagnosed with pneumocystis carinii and will anticipate administering which medication?


  1. sulfamethoxazole (Septra)
    • Rationale:
  2. Zidovudine (Ritrovir).
    • Rationale:
  3. Penicilin.
    • Rationale:
  4. Nivirapine (Viramune)
    • Rationale:



Sulfamethoxazole (Septra) is the most frequently used drug for pneumocystis carinii. Other drugs such as metronidazole (Flagyl) and isethionate (Pentam) are also used; however, ampicillin is not in the antibiotic group used. The other choices are antivirals used to treat other conditions such as cytomegalovirus and herpes.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale