Respiratory Question #2


The nurse begins the hospital shift by assessing a client with a diagnosis of exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The nurse expects to document which of the following expected findings of COPD? (Select all that apply)


  1. hypercapnia
    • Rationale:
  2. Increased vital capacity on pulmonary function studies
    • Rationale:
  3. Oxygen desaturation when ambulating with physical therapy
    • Rationale:
  4. Hematuria
    • Rationale:



Clinical manifestations of COPD include hypercapnia, oxygen desaturation with exercise, use of accessory muscles for respirations, dyspnea, hyperinflated chest on x-ray, decreased vital capacity (not increased as in option B). Hematuria is not a manifestation of COPD.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale