Renal Question #34


A client is admitted to the hospital with severe edema and is diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome. The nurse will monitor the client for which additional symptom?(Select all that apply)


  1. Hypoalbuminemia.
    • Rationale:
  2. Pulmonary edema.
    • Rationale:
  3. Proteinuria.
    • Rationale:
  4. Flat jugular veins.
    • Rationale:



Hypoalbuminemia is a hallmark sign of nephrotic syndrome. General symptoms of renal failure should be monitored. Pulmonary edema may occur and the nurse should observe for dyspnea and crackles. Proteinuria is pronounced. Signs of profound edema may include bulging jugular veins instead of flat jugular veins. The client must be on strict sodium restriction.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale