Renal Question #32

Question

A client is being diagnosed with glomerulonephritis and has symptoms of proteinuria, hematuria, and oliguria. The client also has cocoa-colored urine, edema of the face, legs, and feet. The client asks the nurse what caused the condition and the nurse responds with the following response:

Answers

  1. “It may have followed an infection that occurred 2-3 weeks prior”.
    • Rationale:
  2. “It probably occurred because your partner had Herpes”.
    • Rationale:
  3. “It probably was caused by too little sodium.”
    • Rationale:
  4. “There is no cause as it happens without warning.”
    • Rationale:

Overview

Explanation

Glomerulonephritis is caused by inflammation of capillary loops in the glomeruli of the kidney and is caused following infection somewhere else in the body. Most often A-beta-hemolytic streptococcus is the offending bacterium. Antigen-antibody complexes are trapped in the glomerulus.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale