Renal Question #32
A client is being diagnosed with glomerulonephritis and has symptoms of proteinuria, hematuria, and oliguria. The client also has cocoa-colored urine, edema of the face, legs, and feet. The client asks the nurse what caused the condition and the nurse responds with the following response:
- “It may have followed an infection that occurred 2-3 weeks prior”.
- “It probably occurred because your partner had Herpes”.
- “It probably was caused by too little sodium.”
- “There is no cause as it happens without warning.”
Glomerulonephritis is caused by inflammation of capillary loops in the glomeruli of the kidney and is caused following infection somewhere else in the body. Most often A-beta-hemolytic streptococcus is the offending bacterium. Antigen-antibody complexes are trapped in the glomerulus.