Renal Question #27


A 52-year-old woman comes to the clinic for her yearly check-up. During the health history interview, the client states, “I must be getting old since I lose my urine when I laugh or sneeze.” The nurse explains that the client is experiencing which type of incontinence?


  1. Functional incontinence.
    • Rationale:
  2. Urge incontinence.
    • Rationale:
  3. Stress incontinence.
    • Rationale:
  4. Reflex incontinence.
    • Rationale:



Stress incontinence is the most common type of incontinence with women. Movements, sneezing, coughing, or laughter may cause greater abdominal pressure on the bladder resulting in urine leakage. It can be the result of weakened pelvic floor muscles or weak sphincter muscle at the neck of the bladder. The other types of incontinence do not fit the description in the question.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale