Pharmacology TB Drugs #3

Question

Which personal protective equipment (PPE) is required during care of a client with active tuberculosis (TB)? Select all that apply.

Answers

  1. Gown
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because if a person has active TB, they should be placed in airborne precautions. Personal protective equipment (PPE) for airborne precautions includes gown, gloves, and a N95 mask. This PPE is donned in a room outside of the client’s negative pressure room but has a door that directly enters the client’s room. A gown will help protect the healthcare worker’s clothing from exposure from infectious sputum that could be spread.

  2. Gloves
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because if a person has active TB, they should be placed in airborne precautions. Personal protective equipment (PPE) for airborne precautions includes gown, gloves, and a N95 mask. This PPE is donned in a room outside of the client’s negative pressure room but has a door that directly enters the client’s room. Gloves will help protect the healthcare worker from exposure from infectious sputum that could be easily spread. Handwashing is a must before and after placement of gloves.

  3. Mask filter
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because a mask filter is not necessary if the healthcare worker is wearing the specially fitted N95 mask in the active TB client’s room. Personal protective equipment (PPE) for airborne precautions includes gown, gloves, and a N95 mask. This PPE is donned in a room outside of the client’s negative pressure room but has a door that directly enters the client’s room.

  4. Lead apron
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because a lead apron is not necessary for airborne precautions. A lead apron is used during x-rays. TB clients will have several chest x-rays due to the involvement of the lungs in active TB. Personal protective equipment (PPE) for airborne precautions includes gown, gloves, and a N95 mask. This PPE is donned in a room outside of the client’s negative pressure room but has a door that directly enters the client’s room.

  5. N95 mask
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because if a person has active TB, they should be placed in airborne precautions. Personal protective equipment (PPE) for airborne precautions includes gown, gloves, and a N95 mask. This PPE is donned in a room outside of the client’s negative pressure room but has a door that directly enters the client’s room. A N95 mask is a specially fitted mask that should be worn by healthcare workers and visitors to prevent exposure of TB from infected individuals.

Overview

Active tuberculosis clients should be placed in airborne precautions. Personal protective equipment (PPE) for airborne precautions includes gown, gloves, and a N95 mask.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria and can cause serious infection in the body that mostly affects the lungs. If a person has active TB, they should be placed in airborne precautions. Personal protective equipment (PPE) for airborne precautions includes gown, gloves, and a N95 mask. This PPE is donned in a room outside of the client’s negative pressure room but has a door that directly enters the client’s room. A N95 mask is a specially fitted mask that should be worn by healthcare workers and visitors to prevent exposure of TB from infected individuals.

Test Taking Tip

Isolation precautions have been known to show up a good bit on NCLEX so be sure you are very familiar with which condition is in which isolation precaution.

Video Rationale