Pharmacology Psych Meds Patho #3

Question

Which will indicate that a client with Parkinson’s disease is having increasing dopamine levels from taking the prescribed carbidopa-levodopa? Select all that apply.

Answers

  1. Anhedonia
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because anhedonia is a decreased ability to feel pleasure. Increased pleasure is an indication that dopamine levels are increasing.

  2. Improved sleep
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because dopamine is not used to improve sleep. Increased serotonin is associated with improved sleep.

  3. Determination to complete a project
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because increased determination is an indication that dopamine levels are increasing. Dopamine is a catecholamine, neurotransmitter in the brain which is responsible for motivation, determination, pleasure, and good motor function. For a client with Parkinson’s disease, the brain has less dopamine, so the client is often prescribed carbidopa-levodopa to increase dopamine levels. This medication helps improve motor deficiencies, determination, pleasure, and motivation.

  4. Improved ability to walk
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because improvement in the ability to walk reflects increased levels of dopamine. Dopamine is a catecholamine, neurotransmitter in the brain which is responsible for motivation, determination, pleasure, and good motor function. For a client with Parkinson’s disease, the brain has less dopamine, so the client is often prescribed carbidopa-levodopa to increase dopamine levels. This medication helps improve motor deficiencies, determination, pleasure, and motivation.

  5. Increasing motivation to do social activities
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because increased motivation to do activities reflects increased levels of dopamine. Dopamine is a catecholamine, neurotransmitter in the brain which is responsible for motivation, determination, pleasure, and good motor function. For a client with Parkinson’s disease, the brain has less dopamine, so the client is often prescribed carbidopa-levodopa to increase dopamine levels. This medication helps improve motor deficiencies, determination, pleasure, and motivation.

Overview

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter which, if in adequate amounts in the body, the client has good motivation, determination, pleasure, and motor abilities.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Dopamine is a catecholamine, neurotransmitter in the brain which is responsible for motivation, determination, pleasure, and good motor function. For a client with Parkinson’s disease, the brain has less dopamine, so the client is often prescribed carbidopa-levodopa to increase dopamine levels. This medication helps improve motor deficiencies, determination, pleasure, and motivation. Furthermore, dopamine in high doses is used to help raise blood pressure in ICU clients.

Test Taking Tip

If you start running out of time during time tests, be sure to answer something on every question. If you don’t put an answer, you for sure will miss the question but if you put an answer on a multiple choice question, you at least have a 25% chance of getting it correct!

Video Rationale