Pharmacology Psych Meds #3

Question

The nurse is aware which medications are in the benzodiazepine class and are used to alleviate anxiety symptoms? Select all that apply.

Answers

  1. Clonazepam
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because clonazepam is a benzodiazepine medication used to treat anxiety in clients. The client should be carefully monitored for CNS and respiratory depression since this can cause some life-threatening side effects if too much of this medication is consumed by the client. This medication has a high-risk misuse and dependency rate.

  2. Escitalopram
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because escitalopram is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) which is used to help treat depression and anxiety. Nevertheless, it is not a benzodiazepine nor does it have the side effects or addictive features.

  3. Diazepam
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because diazepam is a benzodiazepine medication used to treat anxiety in clients. The client should be carefully monitored for CNS and respiratory depression since this can cause some life-threatening side effects if too much of this medication is consumed by the client. This medication has a high-risk misuse and dependency rate.

  4. Alprazolam
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because alprazolam is a benzodiazepine medication used to treat anxiety in clients. The client should be carefully monitored for CNS and respiratory depression since this can cause some life-threatening side effects if too much of this medication is consumed by the client. This medication has a high-risk misuse and dependency rate.

  5. Lorazepam
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because lorazepam is a benzodiazepine medication used to treat anxiety in clients. The client should be carefully monitored for CNS and respiratory depression since this can cause some life-threatening side effects if too much of this medication is consumed by the client. This medication has a high-risk misuse and dependency rate.

Overview

The benzodiazepine classification of medications are anti-anxiety medications used to alleviate anxiety symptoms in clients.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Benzodiazepines are anti-anxiety medications used to treat anxiety in clients. This class of medications can be very addictive due to its ability to quickly alleviate anxiety symptoms. Central nervous system (CNS) depression, including drowsiness and respiratory depression are common side effects that the nurse should monitor the client for. Examples of benzodiazepine medications include clonazepam, diazepam, alprazolam, and lorazepam.

Test Taking Tip

Watch sound-alike and look-alike medications. Many benzodiazepine medications end in “-am”, but not all medications that end in “-am” are benzodiazepines medications.

Video Rationale