Pharmacology IV Therapy #4

Question

Intravenous (IV) therapy has which purpose(s) in client care? Select all that apply.

Answers

  1. Blood transfusion
    • Rationale:

      This is the correct answer because the purposes of IV therapy include blood transfusions, fluid and electrolyte therapy, antibiotic therapy, chemotherapy, and parenteral nutrition. IV therapy is the most efficient and effective way to provide many treatment therapies, especially when treatments are life saving, such as when providing blood transfusion.

  2. Fluid resuscitation
    • Rationale:

      This is the correct answer because the purposes of IV therapy include blood transfusions, fluid and electrolyte therapy, antibiotic therapy, chemotherapy, and parenteral nutrition. IV therapy is the most efficient and effective way to provide many treatment therapies, especially when treatments are life saving, such as fluid resuscitation.

  3. Antibiotic therapy
    • Rationale:

      This is the correct answer because the purposes of IV therapy include blood transfusions, fluid and electrolyte therapy, antibiotic therapy, chemotherapy, and parenteral nutrition. IV therapy is the most efficient and effective way to provide many treatment therapies, especially when treatments are life saving, such as with antibiotics

  4. Enteral nutrition
    • Rationale:

      This is not the correct answer because IV infusion of enteral therapy would be deadly. Special caution should be used when handling enteral therapy since it should never be placed intravenously. Parenteral nutrition is a purpose, but not enteral therapy, since that should only be given directly into the enteral or gastrointestinal system, such as the stomach or small intestines.

  5. Chemotherapy
    • Rationale:

      This is the correct answer because the purposes of IV therapy include blood transfusions, fluid and electrolyte therapy, antibiotic therapy, chemotherapy, and parenteral nutrition. IV therapy is the most efficient and effective way to provide many treatment therapies, especially when treatments are life saving, such as with chemotherapy. With chemotherapy, it is especially important to have large vein access (i.e., central line, port access) due to the risk of extravasation of a vesicant.

Overview

IV therapy is the most efficient and effective way to provide many treatment therapies, especially when treatments are life saving. The purposes of IV therapy are many, including blood transfusion, fluid resuscitation, medication administration, including antibiotics and chemotherapy.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Since the intravenous (IV) route is the fastest route to receive medications and other therapies, it serves many purposes for client care. Among the purposes of IV therapy include blood transfusions, fluid and electrolyte therapy, antibiotic therapy, chemotherapy, and parenteral nutrition. IV therapy is the most efficient and effective way to provide many treatment therapies, especially when treatments are life saving.

Test Taking Tip

When trying to learn lists of things, try to really understand and visualize the reasoning behind that list, rather than memorizing. Long-term memory of those lists will stay when understanding the meaning behind that list.

Video Rationale