Pharmacology GI & Nutrition #5

Question

Which vitamin or mineral is involved with red blood cell production and is often given for various types of anemia? Select all that apply

Answers

  1. Cobalamin
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is utilized to help with red blood cell production in pernicious anemia. Vitamin B12 can not be absorbed in an individual with pernicious anemia due to lack of intrinsic factor. Therefore, B12 is essential to an individual with pernicious anemia.

  2. Vitamin K
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because vitamin K is not associated with red blood cell production. It is associated with helping blood clot. Vitamin K is given as an antidote for coumadin overdose to help offset excessive bleeding that can occur with too much coumadin.

  3. Folic acid
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because folic acid, also known as B9, is a water soluble vitamin that can be used to treat certain types of anemia. It is also used to help prevent neural tube defects in women who are pregnant or plan to get pregnant. Folic acid is also important for proper brain function and helps emotional and mental health.

  4. Ferrous sulfate
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because iron is an important mineral needed for red blood cell production. Iron in the form of ferrous sulfate (PO) or iron dextran (IV or IM) is prescribed for clients with certain types of anemia, particularly iron deficient anemia.

  5. Calcium
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the mineral, calcium, is not associated with red blood cell production. Its function is mostly centered around bone health.

Overview

Red blood cell production is the role of various vitamins and minerals. Vitamin B12 (cobalamin), folic acid, and iron (ferrous sulfate) are among those that support red blood cell production to improve various anemic conditions.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Vitamins and minerals play an important role in red blood cell production and help support various anemic conditions in clients. Vitamin B12 (cobalamin), folic acid, and iron are among the vitamins and minerals prescribed to help improve and support individuals with anemia. Vitamin B12 is utilized to support individuals with pernicious anemia. Folic acid and iron preparations, such as oral ferrous sulfate, are used in treatment of deficiency anemias.

Test Taking Tip

Eat breakfast or lunch before an exam. Avoid greasy, heavy foods and overeating. This will help keep you calm and give you energy.

Video Rationale