Pharmacology Antivirals #5

Question

Which statement indicates the client understands about vaccination for herpes zoster (shingles)?

Answers

  1. "I should take this shot each fall to prevent having shingles."
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the herpes zoster vaccine is given for prevention every 4-5 years for prevention of shingles and its complications. There are two vaccines currently available: Shingrix and Zostavax. Both vaccines are given to healthy adults who are 50 years and older, but Shingrix has proven to be more effective than Zostavax at preventing shingles. The shingles vaccine is available for individuals who have never had shingles or for those who desire to not experience this painful virus reactivation of chick

  2. "I am contagious for up to two weeks after taking the shingles shot."
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the vaccination for herpes zoster helps prevent the breakout of shingles and would help with prevention rather than contraction of herpes zoster. There are two vaccines currently available: Shingrix and Zostavax. Both vaccines are given to healthy adults who are 50 years and older, but Shingrix has proven to be more effective than Zostavax at preventing shingles. The shingles vaccine is available for individuals who have never had shingles or for those who desire to not experience this painful virus reactivation

  3. "If I have had shingles before, I don’t need the vaccination for shingles."
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because although a client has had shingles before, the client is still susceptible to a breakout of shingles, especially without the vaccination for shingles. There are two vaccines currently available: Shingrix and Zostavax. Both vaccines are given to healthy adults who are 50 years and older, but Shingrix has proven to be more effective than Zostavax at preventing shingles. The shingles vaccine is available for individuals who have never had shingles or for those who desire to not experience this painful virus reactivation of chickenpox (herpes zoster) again.

  4. "If I am over 60 years old, I am at an increased risk of having shingles."
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because the vaccination for shingles is given for healthy clients over the age of 50 and that age group is at a greater risk of contracting shingles. One in three people over the age of 50 have a high risk of contracting shingles and should take the shingles vaccine. The shingles vaccine is available for individuals who have never had shingles or for those who desire to not experience this painful virus reactivation of chickenpox (herpes zoster) again. Clients should be educated about the availability of the shingles vaccine so this painful condition can hopefully be avoided.

Overview

A herpes zoster (shingles) vaccine is available to reduce the risk for getting shingles. Vaccine protection normally lasts up to five years and is recommended for clients 50 years and older who are otherwise healthy.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

There is a vaccine that is effective in helping prevent a herpes zoster (shingles) outbreak. There are two vaccines currently available: Shingrix and Zostavax. Both vaccines are given to healthy adults who are 50 years and older, but Shingrix has proven to be more effective than Zostavax at preventing shingles. The shingles vaccine is available for individuals who have never had shingles or for those who desire to not experience this painful virus reactivation of chickenpox (herpes zoster) again. Clients should be educated about the availability of the shingles vaccine so this painful condition can hopefully be avoided.

Test Taking Tip

Herpes zoster (shingles) breaks out with a painful rash of the skin. One in three people over the age of 50 have a high risk of contracting shingles and should take the shingles vaccine.

Video Rationale