Pharmacology Antivirals #2

Question

A client is being treated for a new diagnosis of herpes simplex 1. Which education is important to give the client to reduce the risk of spread?

Answers

  1. Avoid intercourse until lesions are not present
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because avoidance of participation in oral sex (not sexual intercourse) is important since the presence of lesions will allow for easy spread of herpes to the genital area from cold sores.

  2. Avoid oral sex until lesions are not present
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because avoidance of participation in oral sex is important since the presence of lesions will allow for easy spread of herpes to the genital area. Herpes is very contagious and avoidance is important. Sexual intercourse does not have to be avoided since lesions are only present on the mouth and lip area in herpes simplex 1.

  3. Take antiretroviral therapy until lesions are absent
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because antiretroviral therapy is pharmacologic therapy for human immunodeficiency virus, not herpes simplex 1 (cold sores). Acyclovir is prescribed for herpes simplex 1 for relief of symptoms, shortens outbreak, and provides less frequent breakout of lesions.

  4. Take full course of valacyclovir to cure herpes
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the antiviral, valacyclovir does not cure herpes of any kind. The medication is for relief of symptoms, shortens outbreak, and provides less frequent breakout of lesions.

Overview

Herpes simplex 1 is a cold sore on the lips and mouth area. The client should be instructed to avoid participation in oral sex to prevent spread of herpes to the genital area.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Herpes simplex 1 is a cold sore on the lips and mouth area. Avoidance of participation in oral sex is important since the presence of lesions will allow for easy spread of herpes to the genital area. Herpes is very contagious and avoidance is important. Sexual intercourse does not have to be avoided since lesions are only present on the mouth and lip area in herpes simplex 1.

Test Taking Tip

Do not worry if you select the same numbered answer repeatedly, because there usually is no pattern to the answers.

Video Rationale