Pharmacology Antivirals #1

Question

Which condition(s) is/are acyclovir prescribed? Select all that apply.

Answers

  1. Genital herpes lesions
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because acyclovir is prescribed for treatment of herpes simplex 2 or genital herpes lesions. There is no cure, but the medication slows the virus and is effective for relief of symptoms, shortens outbreak, and provides less frequent breakout of lesions. Client teaching should include the importance of drinking extra fluids and avoiding sex while lesions are present.

  2. Upper respiratory virus
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because acyclovir does not treat all viruses, such as upper respiratory viruses. Acyclovir is prescribed for herpes simplex 1 (cold sores), herpes simplex 2 (genital herpes), and herpes zoster (shingles). This medication does not cure the virus but the medication is for relief of symptoms, shortens outbreak, and provides less frequent breakout of lesions.

  3. Cold sores on lower lip
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because acyclovir is prescribed for treatment of herpes simplex 1 lesions on the mouth and lips or cold sores. There is no cure, but the medication is for relief of symptoms, shortens outbreak, and provides less frequent breakout of lesions. Client teaching should include the importance of drinking extra fluids and avoiding sex while lesions are present.

  4. Shingle lesions on trunk
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because acyclovir is prescribed for treatment of herpes zoster (shingles). There is no cure, but the medication is for relief of symptoms, shortens outbreak, and provides less frequent breakout of lesions. Client teaching should include the importance of drinking extra fluids and avoiding sex while lesions are present.

  5. Impetigo on the upper lip
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because impetigo is not treated with acyclovir. Acyclovir is prescribed for herpes simplex 1 (cold sores), herpes simplex 2 (genital herpes), and herpes zoster (shingles). This medication does not cure the virus but the medication slows the virus and is effective for relief of symptoms, and shortens outbreak and provides less frequent breakout of lesions.

Overview

Acyclovir is prescribed for relief of symptoms, shortens outbreak, and provides less frequent breakout of lesions. Herpes simplex 1 (cold sores), herpes simplex 2 (genital herpes), and herpes zoster (shingles) are conditions acyclovir is prescribed.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Acyclovir is prescribed for herpes simplex 1 (cold sores), herpes simplex 2 (genital herpes), and herpes zoster (shingles). This medication does not cure the virus but the medication is for relief of symptoms, shortens outbreak, and provides less frequent breakout of lesions.
Important education for the client is:

  • Avoid sex while lesions are present
  • Drink extra fluids when taking acyclovir

Test Taking Tip

Remember the suffix of medications “-vir” can give you the hint that it treats viruses.

Video Rationale