Pharmacology Antifungal #1

Question

Fluconazole is most often used to treat which type of infection?

Answers

  1. Streptococci
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because streptococci infections are bacterial infections treated by antibiotics. Fluconazole treats fungal infections, such as candidiasis.

  2. Candidiasis
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because fluconazole, an antifungal medication, treats candidiasis yeast infections. Candidiasis can affect various areas of the body. Cutaneous candidiasis can affect any skin on the body. Anywhere that is warm and moist is most susceptible. Use of antibiotics will destroy the normal flora and make candidiasis more likely. Also, increased blood glucose levels associated with diabetes and stress can make a patient more susceptible.

  3. Clostridium difficile
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because Clostridium difficile (C-diff) is a superinfection treated by antibiotics, such as vancomycin and metronidazole. C-diff occurs when long-term antibiotics destroy the normal flora in the gut, allowing an excess of this bacteria.

  4. Staphylococcus aureus
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because staphylococcus aureus is a bacteria treated by antibiotics, such as vancomycin, cefazolin, or oxacillin. This bacteria is natural on the skin but can proliferate, enter an opening in the skin, and become problematic in susceptible individuals.

Overview

Fluconazole is an antifungal medication used to treat skin and nail fungal infections. Candidiasis is a common fungal infection treated with fluconazole.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Fluconazole, an antifungal medication, treats candidiasis yeast infections. Candidiasis can affect various areas of the body. Cutaneous candidiasis can affect any skin on the body. Anywhere that is warm and moist is most susceptible. Use of antibiotics will destroy the normal flora and make candidiasis more likely. Also, increased blood glucose levels associated with diabetes and stress can make a patient more susceptible.

Test Taking Tip

Remember that red-man syndrome is associated with vancomycin. It is a unique side effect that is worth remembering. Remember unique things about conditions and medications.

Video Rationale