Pediatrics Question #3


Which assessment finding should the nurse expect in a patient with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?


  1. A systolic murmur that is harsh sounding
    • Rationale:
  2. A very loud machine-like heart murmur
    • Rationale:
  3. A soft murmur heard only during diastole
    • Rationale:
  4. A murmur heard during systolic ejection
    • Rationale:



The correct answer is B. Patent ductus arteriosus produces turbulent blood flow which creates a loud machine-like sound.The systolic murmur occurs during systole but is not harsh sounding. PDA is heard during systole and is not a soft murmur. Murmurs heard during systole are due to aortic stenosis, anemia, or hyperthyroidism.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale