Patho Patho #79

Question

Which is considered the master endocrine gland?

Answers

  1. Pineal gland
    • Rationale:

      This answer choice is not correct as the pituitary gland is considered the master endocrine gland.

  2. Pituitary gland
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct as the pituitary gland is considered the master endocrine gland.

  3. Hypothalamus
    • Rationale:

      This answer choice is not correct as the pituitary gland is considered the master endocrine gland.

  4. Thyroid
    • Rationale:

      This answer choice is not correct as the pituitary gland is considered the master endocrine gland.

Overview

The focus of this question is asking the nurse to choose which endocrine gland is considered the “master” endocrine gland. The pituitary gland is considered the master gland as it initiates and controls so many other endocrine glands and functions.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

The pituitary gland is the master endocrine gland. It is divided into the anterior and posterior pituitary. The anterior pituitary gland secretes hormones that control the thyroid gland, the adrenal glands, the mammary glands, and the reproductive system. The posterior pituitary gland secretes hormones that control the kidneys and the female reproductive system.

Test Taking Tip

While the hypothalamus initiates many reactions by the pituitary gland, the pituitary is the master endocrine gland. The hypothalamus links the nervous system with the endocrine system.

Video Rationale