Patho Patho #55

Question

Which is the best method of preventing the spread of influenza?

Answers

  1. 1. Prophylactic antibiotics.
    • Rationale:

      This answer choice is not correct because influenza is a virus and antibiotics would not be effective at preventing the spread or treating the infection.

  2. 2. Airborne precautions.
    • Rationale:

      This answer choice is not correct as droplet precautions are required for clients with influenza. Most clients with influenza will not be hospitalized so the most effective method for preventing the spread of the flu is thorough handwashing.

  3. 3. Thorough hand-washing.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because thorough and effective handwashing is the single most important way to prevent the spread of influenza.

  4. 4. Semi-annual influenza vaccines.
    • Rationale:

      This answer choice is not correct because the influenza vaccine is recommended yearly for eligible clients.

Overview

The focus of this question is asking the nurse to identify the most effective method for prevention of the spread of influenza. Influenza is a virus that is spread via contact with droplets from an infected client. The single most effective way to prevent infection with the influenza virus is thorough and effective hand-washing.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Influenza is a viral illness that is spread via contact with droplets from an infected client. The virus may be spread via airborne droplets, skin to skin contact, through infected saliva, or by touching a contaminated surface. Therefore it is essential to teach clients that thorough handwashing is the single most effective method for preventing the spread of the influenza virus.

Test Taking Tip

When instructing clients on proper handwashing, clients should be instructed to wash hands for a full 15 seconds and to completely dry the hands after washing.

Video Rationale