Patho Patho #21

Question

The development of diverticulosis can be attributed to which pathological change?

Answers

  1. An increase in production of bile.
    • Rationale:

      This answer choice is not correct as diverticulosis is not a condition in which the production of bile is affected. Diverticulosis is the development of multiple weak areas within the large intestine which may become inflamed/ infected.

  2. A decrease in production of bile.
    • Rationale:

      This answer choice is not correct as diverticulosis is not a condition in which the production of bile is affected. Diverticulosis is the development of multiple weak areas within the large intestine which may become inflamed/ infected.

  3. A decrease in the production of pepsin.
    • Rationale:

      This answer choice is not correct as diverticulosis is not a condition in which the production of pepsin is affected. Diverticulosis is the development of multiple weak areas within the large intestine which may become inflamed/ infected.

  4. A weakness in the lining of the large intestine.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because diverticulosis is caused by weak areas within the lining of the colon. The most common cause for the weakened pouches is a diet that is very low in fiber.

Overview

Diverticulosis is a condition in which there are multiple pouches within the large intestine. These pouches are caused by weaknesses within the mucosa and submucosa of the colon wall. The weak areas may be attributed to a number of contributing factors such as a low fiber diet.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

The focus of this question is asking the nurse to determine the pathophysiology of the development of diverticulosis. Diverticulosis is a non-inflammatory condition that affects the colon. There are multiple pockets within the large intestine that may be attributed to weakness affecting the lining of the colon.

Test Taking Tip

Look at all answer choices. Answer choices #1 & #2 are opposite each other. Often, when two answers are exact opposites, they may be ruled out as possible options by process of elimination.

Video Rationale