Neurological Question #18


The nurse is caring for a client with increased intracranial pressure. Which respiratory pattern changes will signal increased intracranial pressure?


  1. Rapid, shallow respirations.
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  2. Nasal flaring.
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  3. Slow, irregular respirations.
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  4. Sudden increase in respiratory secretions.
    • Rationale:



Respiratory changes associated with increased intracranial pressure are the result of deterioration of neural control of respirations, which is controlled by the brain stem. Deterioration and pressure produce irregular respiratory patterns. Nasal flaring and rapid shallow respirations are a sign of respiratory distress which may not have root causes because of neurological changes.

Learning Outcomes

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