Medical Surgical Renal Anatomy & Physiology #2

Question

Which statements below describe the functions of the kidneys? Select all that apply.

Answers

  1. Filtrates the blood from waste, toxins, and impurities.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because one function of the kidney includes filtrating the blood from waste, toxins, and impurities. Functions of the kidney include filtrating the blood from waste, toxins, and impurities, releasing hormones to regulate the body’s blood pressure, promoting strong healthy bones by production of Vitamin D, and helps to regulate fluid volume by reabsorbing water from being lost in urine.

  2. Releases hormones to regulate the body’s blood pressure.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because one function of the kidneys releases hormones to regulate the body’s blood pressure. Functions of the kidney include filtrating the blood from waste, toxins, and impurities, releasing hormones to regulate the body’s blood pressure, promoting strong healthy bones by production of Vitamin D, and helps to regulate fluid volume by reabsorbing water from being lost in urine.

  3. Promotes strong healthy bones by production of Vitamin D.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because another function of the kidney is promoting strong healthy bones by production of Vitamin D. Functions of the kidney include filtrating the blood from waste, toxins, and impurities, releasing hormones to regulate the body’s blood pressure, promoting strong healthy bones by production of Vitamin D, and helps to regulate fluid volume by reabsorbing water from being lost in urine.

  4. Produces cholesterol and hormones to carry fat throughout the body.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because production of cholesterol and hormones to carry fat throughout the body is a function of the liver and not the kidney. Functions of the kidney include filtrating the blood from waste, toxins, and impurities, releasing hormones to regulate the body’s blood pressure, promoting strong healthy bones by production of Vitamin D, and helps to regulate fluid volume by reabsorbing water from being lost in urine.

  5. Helps to regulate fluid volume by reabsorbing water from being lost in urine.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because another function of the kidney helps to regulate fluid volume by reabsorbing water from being lost in urine. Functions of the kidney include filtrating the blood from waste, toxins, and impurities, releasing hormones to regulate the body’s blood pressure, promoting strong healthy bones by production of Vitamin D, and helps to regulate fluid volume by reabsorbing water from being lost in urine.

Overview

Functions of the kidney include filtrating the blood from waste, toxins, and impurities, releasing hormones to regulate the body’s blood pressure, promoting strong healthy bones by production of Vitamin D, and helps to regulate fluid volume by reabsorbing water from being lost in urine.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Functions of the kidney include filtrating the blood from waste, toxins, drugs and impurities, releasing hormones to regulate the body’s blood pressure, promoting strong healthy bones by production of Vitamin D, and helps to regulate fluid volume by reabsorbing water from being lost in urine. The kidneys are the washing machine of the body. The kidneys work hard to ensure enough plasma is created to keep blood flowing to all the vital organs. The kidneys regulate the body’s ph, extracellular fluid volume, and osmolarity.

Test Taking Tip

When taking a test, pace yourself. Do not read into any question what is not stated in the question.

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