Medical Surgical Potassium K+ #5

Question

A client has a serum potassium level of 3.2 mEq/L. Which menu choice should the nurse suggest to the client? Select all that apply.

Answers

  1. Spinach
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because cooked spinach is a menu choice that is rich in potassium; therefore, this is an appropriate food for the nurse to suggest to the client who experiences hypokalemia.

  2. Fried eggs
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because eggs are not a menu choice that is rich in potassium. In addition, fried eggs are high in cholesterol which may be contraindicated.

  3. Baked cod
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because baked cod is a menu choice that is rich in potassium; therefore, this is an appropriate food for the nurse to suggest to the client who experiences hypokalemia.

  4. Baked potato
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because a baked potato is a menu choice that is rich in potassium; therefore, this is an appropriate food for the nurse to suggest to the client who experiences hypokalemia.

  5. Ham and cheese omelet
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because a ham and cheese omelet is high in sodium and not rich in potassium; therefore, this is an appropriate food for the nurse to suggest to the client who experiences hypokalemia.

Overview

The normal range for serum potassium is 3.5 to 5 mEq/L. A serum potassium of 3.2 mEq/L is considered a low potassium level, or hypokalemia.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

A serum potassium of 3.2 mEq/L is considered a low potassium level, or hypokalemia. Therefore, this client would benefit from a diet high in potassium. Foods that are rich in potassium include baked cod, baked potato, and spinach; therefore, these menu choices are appropriate for the nurse to suggest to the client based on the current data.

Test Taking Tip

When answering select all that apply (SATA) questions, look at each answer option and ask yourself if the response is true or false.

Video Rationale