Medical Surgical Parathyroid #3

Question

Which are true statements about which body parts assist to increase the blood level of calcium? Select all that apply.

Answers

  1. Liver
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the liver does not assist the body to increase calcium in the bloodstream. The bones, kidneys, and intestines assist the body to increase the blood level of calcium.

  2. Bones
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because the bones, kidneys, and intestines assist the body to increase the blood level of calcium. They do this by releasing calcium from the bones when parathyroid hormone stimulates the bones. If excessive stimulation occurs (as in hyperparathyroidism), the client may report bone pain.

  3. Kidneys
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because the bones, kidneys, and intestines assist the body to increase the blood level of calcium. The kidneys increase the blood level of calcium by releasing calcium in the blood when it senses a low level in the blood. If too much is in the blood, though, as in hyperparathyroidism, the excess calcium can produce kidney stones.

  4. Intestines
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because the bones, kidneys, and intestines assist the body to increase the blood level of calcium. The intestines can increase the blood level of calcium by releasing more into the bloodstream. Excess production of calcium, such as in hyperparathyroidism, can slow peristalsis and cause constipation.

  5. Pancreas
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the pancreas does not assist the body to increase calcium in the bloodstream. The bones, kidneys, and intestines assist the body to increase the blood level of calcium.

Overview

Hyperparathyroidism is a condition where the body produces too much parathyroid hormone (PTH). The bones, kidneys, and intestines assist the body to increase the blood level of calcium.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

The bones, kidneys, and intestines assist the body to increase the blood level of calcium. They do this by releasing calcium from the bones when parathyroid hormone stimulates the bones. If excessive stimulation occurs (as in hyperparathyroidism), the client may report bone pain. The kidneys increase the blood level of calcium by releasing calcium in the blood when it senses a low level in the blood. If too much is in the blood, though, as in hyperparathyroidism, the excess calcium can produce kidney stones. The intestines can increase the blood level of calcium by releasing more into the bloodstream. Excess production of calcium, such as in hyperparathyroidism, can slow peristalsis and cause constipation.

Test Taking Tip

Understanding the functions of various organs of the body will help direct the choices involved in increasing the blood level of calcium. Neither the liver nor the pancreas have any role with calcium in the body.

Video Rationale