Medical Surgical Oxygen Delivery & Hypoxemia #3

Question

A client is brought into the ER by EMS from injuries sustained in a MVA. Injuries include a compression fracture at L3 and a broken nose. Which oxygen delivery system would be indicated?

Answers

  1. Nasal cannula
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the client has a broken nose. Nasal cannulas are used for short-term or long-term use.

  2. Facemask
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the client has facial trauma. The two types of face masks are a simple or a partial rebreather. A partial rebreather, or non-rebreather, delivers oxygen for people who need high concentration, but do not require help breathing.

  3. Face tent
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because the face tent is used for facial trauma. It provides high humidification for facial burns as well. Clients who are claustrophobic can also benefit from the face tent.

  4. Venturi mask
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the Venturi mask is used when precise oxygen delivery is required. This is mostly used in unstable COPD.

Overview

The oxygen delivery system preferred for clients with facial trauma is the face tent. The face tent delivers oxygen with humidification for facial burns or trauma.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

The oxygen delivery system preferred for clients with facial trauma is the face tent. The face tent delivers oxygen with humidification for facial burns or trauma. Clients who are claustrophobic can also benefit from the face tent. Nasal cannulas are used for short-term or long-term use. The two types of face masks are a simple or a partial rebreather. A partial rebreather, or non-rebreather, delivers oxygen for people who need high concentration, but do not require help breathing.The Venturi mask is used when precise oxygen delivery is required. This is mostly used in unstable COPD.

Test Taking Tip

Have knowledge of the different types of masks and which are best clinically indicated.

Video Rationale