Medical Surgical Liver Overview #2

Question

The liver produces bile which transports which substance?

Answers

  1. Platelets
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because platelets are not transported in bile. Platelets are transported in the bloodstream. Bile transports various substances, including bilirubin, cholesterol, amino acids, enzymes, steroids, and vitamins.

  2. Potassium
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because potassium is not transported in bile. Bile transports various substances, including bilirubin, cholesterol, amino acids, enzymes, steroids, and vitamins.

  3. Bilirubin
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because one of the functions of the liver is production of bile in the body. Bile consists of mostly water and it transports other substances, including bilirubin, cholesterol, amino acids, enzymes, steroids, and vitamins.

  4. Clotting factors
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because bile does not transport clotting factors. One of the functions of the liver is production of bile in the body. Bile consists of mostly water and it transports other substances, including bilirubin, cholesterol, amino acids, enzymes, steroids, and vitamins.

Overview

The liver produces bile, which transports various substances, including bilirubin, cholesterol, amino acids, enzymes, steroids, and vitamins.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

One of the functions of the liver is production of bile in the body. Bile consists of mostly water and it transports other substances, including bilirubin, cholesterol, amino acids, enzymes, steroids, and vitamins. Increased amounts of bilirubin is the cause for the jaundice or yellowing of the skin color noted on clients with liver dysfunction. Diseases that cause liver dysfunction and failure include hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver. As the disease process produces liver failure, various symptoms may be observed. These clinical manifestations include ascites, portal vein hypertension, esophageal varices, and bleeding tendencies. Liver failure will reflect changes in laboratory values including increased liver function values (ALT and ALT), decreased clotting factor levels, decreased albumin levels, and increasing total cholesterol levels.

Test Taking Tip

Bile and bilirubin both have “bil-” so think, “BILErubin”.

Video Rationale