Medical Surgical Liver Overview #1

Question

The nursing student recalls which is produced in the healthy liver?

Answers

  1. Albumin
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because albumin is a protein in your blood that is produced by the liver. The normal blood level of albumin is 3.5 – 5.0 g/dL. Albumin attracts water and helps maintain the fluid in the bloodstream and keeps it from seeping into other tissues. Albumin transports substances such as enzymes, hormones, and vitamins throughout the body.

  2. Potassium
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because potassium is not produced by the liver. The body does not produce potassium but is taken in from the foods eaten, then the kidney removes any excess potassium. Albumin is a protein in your blood that is produced by the liver. The normal blood level of albumin is 3.5 – 5.0 g/dL.

  3. Erythropoietin
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because erythropoietin is a substance produced by the kidneys. Albumin is a protein in your blood that is produced by the liver. The normal blood level of albumin is 3.5 – 5.0 g/dL.

  4. White blood cells
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow. Albumin is a protein in your blood that is produced by the liver. The normal blood level of albumin is 3.5 – 5.0 g/dL.

Overview

The healthy liver will produce adequate amounts of albumin. The normal blood level of albumin is 3.5 – 5.0 g/dL.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Albumin is a protein in your blood that is produced by the liver. Albumin attracts water and helps maintain the fluid in the bloodstream and keeps it from seeping into other tissues. Albumin transports substances such as enzymes, hormones, and vitamins throughout the body. A decreased level (<3.5 g/dL) indicates dysfunction or failure of the liver. Other clinical manifestations of liver failure include ascites, portal vein hypertension, esophageal varices, and bleeding tendencies. Liver failure will reflect changes in laboratory values including increased liver function values (ALT and ALT), decreased clotting factor levels, decreased albumin levels, and increasing total cholesterol levels. Additionally, cholesterol levels will be abnormal, including total cholesterol above the normal level of 200 mg/dL, LDL will be greater than 100 mg/dL, and HDL will be less than 40 mg/dL.

Test Taking Tip

The normal blood albumin is the same as the normal potassium level in the blood, 3.5-5.0.

Video Rationale