Medical Surgical Labs Cholesterol Labs #3

Question

A client has a total cholesterol of 250, triglycerides of 155, LDL 153 and HDL 39. Which medication would be most appropriate for this client?

Answers

  1. Clopidogrel
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because clopidogrel is not the most appropriate choice since it is an antiplatelet. However, anti-platelets can be used in addition to cholesterol-lowering medications.

  2. Aspirin
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because aspirin is an antiplatelet medication. Aspirin can be used in conjunction with cholesterol-lowering drugs, however.

  3. Atorvastatin
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because atorvastatin is an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor. These drugs work by blocking the enzyme that creates cholesterol thus reabsorbing cholesterol already in the body. An added benefit of statins is that statins also reduce the risk of stroke and heart disease.

  4. Sitagliptin
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because sitagliptin is an oral antidiabetic agent. It is not used for lowering cholesterol.

Overview

Clients who have high cholesterol should be placed on lipid-lowering agents. This class is called HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, or “statinsâ€.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Clients who have high cholesterol should be placed on lipid lowering agents. This class is called HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, or “statinsâ€. These drugs work by blocking the enzyme that creates cholesterol and reabsorbing cholesterol already in the body. An added benefit of statins is that they also reduce the risk of stroke and heart disease. Anti-platelets may also be used in addition to cholesterol-lowering medications to help reduce these risks. Antiplatelets include clopidogrel and aspirin.

Test Taking Tip

Read the test question carefully and answer before looking at the answer options. In the question above, the student would understand the client requires a medication that lowers cholesterol. Drugs that lower cholesterol end in -statin.

Video Rationale