Medical Surgical Labs BMP #5

Question

The nurse is gathering supplies to obtain a BMP from her client. The nurse understands that which is included in a BMP? Select all that apply.

Answers

  1. BUN and creatinine
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because BUN and creatinine test kidney function. BUN stands for blood urea nitrogen. It measures how much waste is in the blood. Creatinine is a substance that the kidneys eliminate. Providers utilize this test to see how well the kidney is working. Normal BUN is 10 – 20 mg/dL and creatinine should be reported if over 1.3 mg/dL.

  2. Sodium and potassium
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because sodium and potassium are part of the electrolyte panel in the BMP. Sodium and potassium work together to balance the fluids in the body. Sodium and potassium also send electrical signals between the cells for proper nerve and muscle function. Normal Sodium: 135-145 mEq/L and normal potassium: 3.5 – 5.0 mEq/L.

  3. Chloride
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because chloride keeps fluid inside and outside of the cells for balance. This in turn maintains proper blood volume and blood pressure. It also supports the body’s pH of body fluids.

  4. Calcium
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because calcium is also part of the BMP. It plays an important role in muscle function. It also transmits messages through the nerves. Calcium is responsible for strong bones. Range of calcium should be 8.5 – 10.2 mg/dL.

  5. Glucose
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because glucose is part of the BMP. Glucose is sugar used for energy. It is important to monitor to make sure it is not too high or too low. Normal levels for fasting glucose is 70-110 mg/dL.

Overview

A BMP checks the kidneys, electrolytes, acid/base balance, and glucose. This metabolic panel includes BUN and creatinine, sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, carbon dioxide, and glucose.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

A BMP checks the kidneys, electrolytes, acid/base balance, and glucose. This metabolic panel includes BUN and creatinine, sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, carbon dioxide, and glucose. BUN stands for blood urea nitrogen. It measures how much waste is in the blood. Creatinine is a substance that the kidneys eliminate. Providers utilize this test to see how well the kidney is working. Sodium and potassium work together to balance fluids in the body. Chloride keeps fluid inside and outside of the cells for balance. This helps maintain blood volume and blood pressure. Calcium plays an important role in muscle function. It also transmits messages through the nerves. Glucose is sugar used for energy. It is important to monitor to make sure it is not too high or too low.

Test Taking Tip

When answering SATA questions, remember they are not multiple choice. The question will have at least TWO correct answers.

Video Rationale