Medical Surgical Huntington Disease #2

Question

A client diagnosed with Huntington’s disease asked the nurse about treatment for the disease. What is the nurse’s best response?

Answers

  1. Huntington’s disease has no cure and currently no treatment is available for symptom control.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because Huntington’s disease has no cure but treatment is available for symptom control. Physical therapy, counseling, and medications may be used to lessen/treat symptoms of the disease.

  2. Huntington’s disease can be cured through medications, therapy, and long-term steroids.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because Huntington’s disease cannot be cured through medications, therapy, and long-term steroids. No cure exists for this disease.

  3. Huntington’s disease has no cure, but treatment is available for symptom control.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because Huntington’s disease has no cure, but treatment is available for symptom control. Physical therapy, counseling, and medications may be used to lessen/treat symptoms of the disease.

  4. Huntington’s disease can be treated with chemotherapy and radiation.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because Huntington’s disease is not treated with chemotherapy and radiation. Treatment for symptom control includes medications, physical therapy, and counseling.

Overview

Huntington’s disease has no cure, but symptoms of the disease can be treated. Physical therapy, counseling, and medications may be used to lessen/treat symptoms of the disease.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Huntington’s disease is a genetic inherited condition where brain nerve cells over time break down causing cognition, psychiatric, and movement problems. Huntington’s disease has no cure, but medications are available for symptom control. Physical therapy and counseling are also used to treat Huntington’s symptoms. Symptoms may include: difficulty concentrating, lapses in memory, depression, hopelessness, stumbling, irritability, aggressive behaviors, involuntary movements, loss of muscle control, fidgeting, and weight loss.

Test Taking Tip

The key points to remember about Huntington’s disease is that the disease is hereditary and only one parent has to have the gene to pass it on to the child. No cure currently exists for this disease, but symptom control is available through medications, physical therapy, and counseling.

Video Rationale