Medical Surgical Huntington Disease #1

Question

A client was admitted with difficulty concentrating, involuntary movements, stumbling, fidgeting, and irritability and was diagnosed with Huntington’s disease. The client’s daughter asks the nurse about Huntington’s disease. What is the nurse’s best response?

Answers

  1. Huntington’s disease is a genetic disease where brain nerve cells over time break down causing cognition, psychiatric, and movement problems.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because Huntington’s disease is a genetic inherited condition where brain nerve cells over time break down causing cognition, psychiatric, and movement problems

  2. Huntington's disease affects the client's body movements causing involuntary incontinence, shaking, but the client's cognitive level remains intact.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because Huntington’s disease does cause involuntary movements, the client has progressive cognition problems as well.

  3. Huntington's disease is much like Alzheimer's disease but also causes the client to become schizophrenic and psychotic.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because although Huntington’s disease may be similar to Alzheimer’s disease due to the progression of dementia, symptoms do not include becoming a paranoid schizophrenic or psychotic.

  4. Huntington’s disease is a progressive brain disease that causes dementia and behavioral problems.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because although Huntington’s disease is a progressive brain disease that causes dementia and behavioral problems, the disease is also hereditary.

Overview

Huntington’s disease is a genetic inherited condition where brain nerve cells over time break down causing cognition, psychiatric, and movement problems. Huntington’s disease is a progressive disease that begins usually in the client’s 30s or 40s. There is no cure for this disease.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Huntington’s disease is a genetic inherited condition where brain nerve cells over time break down causing cognition, psychiatric, and movement problems. Symptoms may include: difficulty concentrating, lapses in memory, depression, hopelessness, stumbling, irritability, aggressive behaviors, involuntary movements, loss of muscle control, fidgeting, and weight loss.

Test Taking Tip

The key points to remember about Huntington’s disease is that the disease is hereditary and only one parent has to have the gene to pass it on to the child. If either parent has Huntington’s disease and plans to have a child, genetic counseling is recommended.

Video Rationale