Medical Surgical Hepatitis #1

Question

A client is positive for hepatitis A and asks the nurse how they contracted this. Which is associated with this hepatitis form?

Answers

  1. Being stuck with a dirty needle working as a registered nurse
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because hepatitis A is not associated with being stuck with a dirty needle. Hepatitis A is spread from contaminated food, water, or close contact with an infected individual. It is spread by fecal-oral routes. Therefore, it is most easily contracted by food from restaurant workers who do not wash their hands, especially after using the bathroom.

  2. Sexual promiscuity and careless relationships as a young adult
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because sexual promiscuity and careless relationships as a young adult is most associated with other types of hepatitis, including hepatitis B and C. Hepatitis A is spread from contaminated food, water, or close contact with an infected individual. It is spread by fecal-oral routes. Therefore, it is most easily contracted by food from restaurant workers who do not wash their hands, especially after using the bathroom.

  3. Eating food from a restaurant where workers who do not wash hands
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because hepatitis A is spread from contaminated food, water, or close contact with an infected individual. It is spread by fecal-oral routes. Therefore, it is most easily contracted by food from restaurant workers who do not wash their hands, especially after using the bathroom.

  4. Exposure to a stranger’s blood at an automobile wreck when no gloves were available
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because exposure to a stranger’s blood at an automobile wreck when no gloves were available is most associated with other types of hepatitis, including hepatitis B and C. Hepatitis A is spread from contaminated food, water, or close contact with an infected individual. It is spread by fecal-oral routes. Therefore, it is most easily contracted by food from restaurant workers who do not wash their hands, especially after using the bathroom.

Overview

Hepatitis A is spread from contaminated food, water, or close contact with an infected individual. It is spread by fecal-oral routes. Therefore, it is most easily contracted by food from restaurant workers who do not wash their hands, especially after using the bathroom.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Hepatitis A is spread from contaminated food, water, or close contact with an infected individual. It is spread by fecal-oral routes. Hepatitis is a virus that resolves on its own in a few weeks to a couple of months. Symptoms are flu-like symptoms, including nausea, fatigue, abdominal discomfort, anorexia, and low-grade fever. Prevention of this highly contagious virus can occur through a Hepatitis A vaccination. Hepatitis B and C is most associated with blood exposure and through sexual contact with infected individuals.

Test Taking Tip

Hepatitis A is spread by means of the fecal-oral route. Think hepatitis “A” for Adam’s apple (oral) and Anus (fecal).

Video Rationale