Medical Surgical Esophageal cancer #1

Question

The nurse explains to the client which medical history places the client at an increased risk for esophageal cancer? Select all that apply.

Answers

  1. Barrett’s esophagus
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because known risk factors for esophageal cancer include clients with medical histories of Barrett’s esophagus, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Human papillomavirus (HPV), tobacco use, and alcohol use. Other risk factors include being male, over the age of 55, obesity, diet high in processed meats, physical inactivity, achalasia, and a history of lung, mouth, or throat cancer.

  2. Esophageal atresia
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because esophageal atresia does not place the client at high risk for esophageal cancer. Esophageal atresia places the client at risk for GERD, which then places the client at risk for esophageal cancer. Nevertheless, the incidence is very rare that clients treated for esophageal atresia develop esophageal cancer.

  3. Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because known risk factors for esophageal cancer include clients with medical histories of Barrett’s esophagus, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Human papillomavirus (HPV), tobacco use, and alcohol use. Other risk factors include being male, over the age of 55, obesity, diet high in processed meats, physical inactivity, achalasia, and a history of lung, mouth, or throat cancer.

  4. Human papillomavirus
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because known risk factors for esophageal cancer include clients with medical histories of Barrett’s esophagus, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Human papillomavirus (HPV), tobacco use, and alcohol use. Other risk factors include being male, over the age of 55, obesity, diet high in processed meats, physical inactivity, achalasia, and a history of lung, mouth, or throat cancer.

  5. Tobacco and alcohol use
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because known risk factors for esophageal cancer include clients with medical histories of Barrett’s esophagus, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Human papillomavirus (HPV), tobacco use, and alcohol use. Other risk factors include being male, over the age of 55, obesity, diet high in processed meats, physical inactivity, achalasia, and a history of lung, mouth, or throat cancer.

Overview

Known risk factors for esophageal cancer include clients with medical histories of Barrett’s esophagus, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Human papillomavirus (HPV), tobacco use, and alcohol use.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Esophageal cancer is known to be the sixth most common cause of death from cancer in the world. Unfortunately, there are few symptoms while the cancer is most treatable. Often, when it is identified, the cancer is late-stage and the prognosis is grave. Medical advice is often sought due to late signs which include dysphagia, unintentional weight loss, increasing heartburn, hoarseness or coughing, and chest pain. Known risk factors for esophageal cancer include client medical histories of Barrett’s esophagus, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Human papillomavirus (HPV), tobacco use, and alcohol use. Other risk factors include being male, over the age of 55, obesity, diet high in processed meats, physical inactivity, achalasia, and a history of lung, mouth, or throat cancer.

Test Taking Tip

Risk factors of cancer are important to know and teach clients.

Video Rationale