Medical Surgical Cystic fibrosis #4

Question

Which vitamin is associated with malabsorption in the client with cystic fibrosis? Choose the best answer.

Answers

  1. Vitamin C.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because vitamin C is a water soluble vitamin. Clients with cystic fibrosis do not have problems absorbing vitamin C.

  2. Pantothenic acid.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because pantothenic acid is part of the B-complex vitamin, vitamin B5. It is also a water soluble vitamin.

  3. Vitamin K.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because vitamin K is a fat soluble vitamin. The pancreas of a client with cystic fibrosis does not produce enough enzymes to properly digest food, resulting in vitamin K deficiency. Vitamin K is needed for adequate clotting, bone formation, and other metabolic functions.

  4. Folic acid.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because folic acid is vitamin B9. Vitamin B9 or folate is a water soluble vitamin.

Overview

Clients with cystic fibrosis have difficulty absorbing fats, which means the clients also have difficulty absorbing fat soluble vitamins. Vitamins A, D, E, and K require fat to be absorbed and are essential for normal growth and nutrition.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Clients with cystic fibrosis have difficulty absorbing fats, which means the clients also have difficulty absorbing fat soluble vitamins. Vitamins A, D, E, and K require fat to be absorbed and are essential for normal growth and nutrition. Vitamin A is important for immune function. Vitamin D is necessary for bone health. Vitamin E fights free radicals, acting as an antioxidant. Vitamin K is needed for adequate clotting, bone formation, and other metabolic functions. Vitamin C and the B complex vitamins are water soluble. Clients with cystic fibrosis do not have problems absorbing water soluble vitamins.

Test Taking Tip

Know your vitamins and take your vitamins!

Video Rationale