## Medical Surgical Critical Care BLS & CPR #5

### Question

When providing CPR to an infant, the nurse should give chest compressions at the rate of how many times per minute?

1. 80
• Rationale:

This answer is not correct because 80 is too few. When providing CPR to an infant, the nurse should perform 30 chest compressions with 2 rescue breaths at least 100-120 times per minute.

2. 100
• Rationale:

This answer is correct because it is the minimal amount of times to perform chest compressions on an infant. When providing CPR to an infant, the nurse should perform 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 times per minute. There should be 2 rescue breaths after compressions.

3. 130
• Rationale:

This answer is not correct because 130 is too many. When providing CPR to an infant, the nurse should perform 30 chest compressions with 2 rescue breaths at least 100-120 times per minute.

4. 140
• Rationale:

This answer is not correct because 140 is too many. When providing CPR to an infant, the nurse should perform 30 chest compressions with 2 rescue breaths at least 100-120 times per minute.

### Overview

When providing CPR to an infant, the nurse should perform 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 times per minute and 2 rescue breaths. With two rescuers, the ratio is 15:2.

### Learning Outcomes

When providing CPR to an infant, assess the brachial pulse in 10 seconds or less. The brachial pulse is located near the bicep between the elbow and the shoulder. Place a roll under the shoulders of the infant and slightly extend the neck for adequate ventilation. You may use two thumbs in the middle of the sternum with fingers encircling around the chest supporting the back. The thumbs should be below the nipple line. Or you can use two fingers, the pointer and middle fingers in the middle of the sternum with the other hand supporting the back. The AED should be retrieved after 2 minutes of CPR with a single rescuer and an unwitnessed event. The nurse should perform 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 times per minute and 2 rescue breaths. With two rescuers, the ratio is 15:2.

### Test Taking Tip

To remember which pulse to assess on an infant, remember that “baby” starts with “b” for “brachial”.