Medical Surgical Critical Care BLS & CPR #2

Question

The nurse walks into the client’s room who is without a pulse, with no respirations, and is unresponsive. Which action by the nurse should be taken next?

Answers

  1. Call for help.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because time is of most importance. Starting compressions first delays tissue death of vital organs by providing perfusion.

  2. Activate the emergency response system.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because providing chest compressions is always the priority. Starting compressions first delays death of vital organs by providing perfusion.

  3. Begin chest compressions.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because chest compressions facilitate circulation of oxygenated blood throughout the body. This delays tissue death of organs by providing perfusion to the organs. One can shout for help while providing chest compressions.

  4. Give two rescue breaths.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because it does not take priority over chest compressions. High quality chest compressions are always the priority in CPR.

Overview

To provide high quality CPR, one should provide chest compressions first. Time is crucial during a cardiac arrest.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

To provide high quality CPR, one should provide chest compressions first. Time is of most importance. Chest compressions facilitate circulation of oxygenated blood throughout the body. This delays tissue death of organs by providing perfusion to the vital organs. One can shout for help while providing chest compressions. High quality chest compressions are always the priority in CPR.

Test Taking Tip

Remember in a heart attack we learned that “time is muscle”. In CPR, “time is organs”. Time is crucial during a cardiac arrest. Chest compressions should be started at once!

Video Rationale