Medical Surgical Celiac disease #3

Question

What symptoms will a client with celiac disease report when they eat wheat-based foods? Select all that apply.

Answers

  1. Steatorrhea
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because common symptoms of celiac disease are chronic fatty diarrhea (steatorrhea), abdominal cramping, pain, gas, fatigue, and anemia. The main treatment of celiac disease is strict avoidance of gluten-containing foods. Foods containing gluten include rye, barley, oats, and wheat so the client should avoid these foods.

  2. Bloody diarrhea
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because bloody diarrhea is most associated with other conditions, such as ulcerative colitis, crohn’s disease, and cancer. This symptom should be reported immediately to the healthcare provider.

  3. Abdominal cramping
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because common symptoms of celiac disease are chronic foamy, fatty diarrhea (steatorrhea), abdominal cramping, pain, gas, fatigue, and anemia. The main treatment of celiac disease is strict avoidance of gluten-containing foods. Foods containing gluten include rye, barley, oats, and wheat so the client should avoid these foods.

  4. Abdominal pain
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because common symptoms of celiac disease are chronic fatty diarrhea (steatorrhea), abdominal cramping, pain, gas, fatigue, and anemia. The main treatment of celiac disease is strict avoidance of gluten-containing foods. Foods containing gluten include rye, barley, oats, and wheat so the client should avoid these foods.

  5. Tingling of hands and feet
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because tingling sensations of the feet and hands is most associated with neurological problems or pernicious anemia. These symptoms should be reported to the healthcare provider.

Overview

If a client with celiac disease eats wheat-based foods, symptoms including steatorrhea (fatty stools), abdominal cramping, and abdominal pain. To prevent these symptoms from occurring, foods containing gluten include rye, barley, oats, and wheat should be avoided.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Celiac disease is a condition where the body builds an immune reaction to gluten. The reaction causes inflammation and damages the small intestines. The damage causes malabsorption of some nutrients. Common symptoms of celiac disease are chronic foamy, fatty diarrhea (steatorrhea), abdominal cramping, pain, gas, fatigue, and anemia. The main treatment of celiac disease is strict avoidance of gluten-containing foods. Foods containing gluten include rye, barley, oats, and wheat so the client should avoid these foods.

Test Taking Tip

An easy way to remember steatorrhea is it sounds like diarrhea and “steat” sounds like “meat” or fat, so fatty diarrhea.

Video Rationale