## Medical Surgical Cardiac Fundamentals #5

### Question

A nursing student has been studying the normal rate of the heart. Which resting heart rate in beats per minute (bpm) is labelled correctly for an average adult?

1. 56 bpm-normal rate
• Rationale:

This answer is not correct because 56 bpm is not a normal resting heart rate for an average adult. The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm. If a client is well conditioned, such an athlete, the heart can function more efficiently and the heart can be normal and beat at 40 bpm.

• Rationale:

This answer is not correct because 62 bpm is not bradycardia, but a normal heart rate for an average adult. The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm.

3. 80 bpm-normal rate
• Rationale:

This answer is correct because 80 bpm is a normal resting heart rate for an average adult. The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm.

4. 98 bpm-tachycardia
• Rationale:

This answer is not correct because 98 bpm is not tachycardia. The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm.

5. 110 bpm-normal rate
• Rationale:

This answer is not correct because 110 bpm is not a normal resting heart rate for an average adult. The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm.

6. 120 bpm-tachycardia
• Rationale:

This answer is correct because 120 bpm is considered tachycardia for an average adult resting heart rate. The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm.

### Overview

The normal resting heart rate for an average adult is between 60 and 100 bpm.

### Learning Outcomes

The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm. If a client is well conditioned, such an athlete, the heart can function more efficiently and the heart can be normal and beat at 40 bpm. If a person is not a well-conditioned athlete and their heart is beating at a rate < 60 bpm, then the client has bradycardia. If the same individual’s heart is beating at a rate of >100 bpm, then the client has tachycardia. If a client has bradycardia or tachycardia, the body is not perfusing optimally. Symptomatic bradycardia or tachycardia should be reported immediately to the healthcare provider.

### Test Taking Tip

Know your prefixes, such as anything with “brady-” means slow and anything with “tachy-” means fast.