Medical Surgical Cardiac Fundamentals #5

Question

A nursing student has been studying the normal rate of the heart. Which resting heart rate in beats per minute (bpm) is labelled correctly for an average adult?

Answers

  1. 56 bpm-normal rate
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because 56 bpm is not a normal resting heart rate for an average adult. The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm. If a client is well conditioned, such an athlete, the heart can function more efficiently and the heart can be normal and beat at 40 bpm.

  2. 62 bpm-bradycardia
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because 62 bpm is not bradycardia, but a normal heart rate for an average adult. The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm.

  3. 80 bpm-normal rate
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because 80 bpm is a normal resting heart rate for an average adult. The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm.

  4. 98 bpm-tachycardia
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because 98 bpm is not tachycardia. The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm.

  5. 110 bpm-normal rate
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because 110 bpm is not a normal resting heart rate for an average adult. The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm.

  6. 120 bpm-tachycardia
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because 120 bpm is considered tachycardia for an average adult resting heart rate. The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm.

Overview

The normal resting heart rate for an average adult is between 60 and 100 bpm.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

The healthy heart for an average adult generally beats at a normal resting heart rate of between 60 and 100 bpm. If a client is well conditioned, such an athlete, the heart can function more efficiently and the heart can be normal and beat at 40 bpm. If a person is not a well-conditioned athlete and their heart is beating at a rate < 60 bpm, then the client has bradycardia. If the same individual’s heart is beating at a rate of >100 bpm, then the client has tachycardia. If a client has bradycardia or tachycardia, the body is not perfusing optimally. Symptomatic bradycardia or tachycardia should be reported immediately to the healthcare provider.

Test Taking Tip

Know your prefixes, such as anything with “brady-” means slow and anything with “tachy-” means fast.

Video Rationale