Medical Surgical Calcium Ca+ #8

Question

The nurse is caring for a client with hypocalcemia. In addition to assessing the client’s calcium level, which other assessment would the nurse make a priority?

Answers

  1. Drug toxicity
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because drug toxicity would not be affected by a low calcium level. Electrolytes play a vital role in maintaining homeostasis. They help to regulate acid-base and fluid balance, cardiac and neurological function, and oxygen delivery.

  2. Symptoms of glaucoma
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because symptoms of glaucoma would not be affected by a low calcium level. Electrolytes play a vital role in maintaining homeostasis. They help to regulate acid-base and fluid balance, cardiac and neurological function, and oxygen delivery.

  3. Other electrolyte levels
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because it is essential that other electrolyte levels be assessed to determine if the client is experiencing kidney failure; therefore, this is the priority action.

  4. Electroencephalogram (EEG) results
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the client’s EEG results would not be affected by a low calcium level. EEGs are done to show brain activity and disorders of the brain.

Overview

An electrolyte imbalance is defined as an abnormality in the concentration of electrolytes in the body. Electrolytes play a vital role in maintaining homeostasis

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Electrolytes play a vital role in maintaining homeostasis. They help to regulate acid-base and fluid balance, cardiac and neurological function, and oxygen delivery. Clients who experience alterations in one electrolyte should be assessed for alterations in other electrolyte levels. Hypocalcemia in conjunction to alterations in other electrolyte levels, specifically increased serum phosphorus, may be an indicator of chronic renal failure.

Test Taking Tip

Consider the implications of hypocalcemia to answer this question correctly.

Video Rationale