Medical Surgical Airborne vs Droplet precautions #4

Question

A client is admitted with a possible diagnosis of mumps. Which type of precautions should be initiated for this client?

Answers

  1. Contact
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because mumps is spread via saliva droplets through talking, coughing, or sneezing. Contact transmission is by direct person-to-person contact.

  2. Droplet
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because mumps is spread via saliva droplets through talking, coughing, or sneezing. It can also be transmitted by sharing of items that may have saliva on them. This is called droplet transmission.

  3. Airborne
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because mumps virus does not linger in the air. Airborne transmission is when any size particle is capable of traveling through air.

  4. Airborne and droplet
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because although mumps can be transmitted through droplets, it is not transferred by air. Mumps is only classified under droplet precautions.

Overview

Mumps is a viral infection that causes swelling in the salivary glands. A client with mumps is placed under droplet precautions. An infected client can spread the virus by speaking, coughing, or sneezing, as well as sharing items that have saliva on them, such as utensils or cups.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Mumps is a viral infection that causes swelling in the salivary glands. A client with mumps is placed under droplet precautions. An infected client can spread the virus by speaking, coughing, or sneezing, as well as sharing items that have saliva on them, such as utensils or cups. Clients should be placed in droplet isolation for 5 days after the onset of mumps.

Test Taking Tip

Do not get mumps confused with measles, which is an airborne precaution.

Video Rationale