Medical Surgical Airborne vs Droplet precautions #3

Question

The nurse is providing post-mortem care to a client diagnosed with and treated for tuberculosis. Which action by the nurse is most appropriate?

Answers

  1. Wait 60 minutes until the room has been decontaminated.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the room is of no factor for the nurse. The nurse will still provide care to the deceased client in the required PPE that she would don if the client was living.

  2. Wait 45 minutes until the room has been decontaminated.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the room is of no factor for the nurse. The nurse will still provide care to the deceased client in the required PPE that she would don if the client was living.

  3. Don a gown, mask, eye protection and gloves before entering the room.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because the client was diagnosed with tuberculosis, which would require airborne precautions. The risk of transmission is still possible with a deceased client.

  4. Don a gown, respirator, eye protection, and gloves before entering the room.
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct, because this is the appropriate PPE to use when caring for a client infected with tuberculosis. Tuberculosis requires airborne precautions. Even after death the risk of transmission is possible.

Overview

When managing deceased bodies who were on airborne precautions, airborne precautions should be continued while handling and preparing the body during post-mortem care. The risk of transmission increases following the death of an infectious client.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

When managing deceased bodies who were on airborne precautions, airborne precautions should be continued while handling and preparing the body during post-mortem care. The risk of transmission increases following the death of an infectious client. The room plays no factor for the nurse. The nurse will still provide care to the deceased client in the required PPE that she would don if the client was living. While transferring the body, airborne precautions should continue. Once the client has been removed from the room, a non-negative pressure room requires 2 hours to remove airborne contaminants. A negative pressure room requires 45 to 60 minutes.

Test Taking Tip

Always remember that managing a deceased client will be similar to managing a living client. Continue precautions as indicated and always treat the body or the client with respect and dignity.

Video Rationale