Maternal / Newborn Question #26
The neonatal nursery nurse is assessing a neonate born 14 hours ago. The mother’s history reveals a history of smoking while pregnant. Which finding is most common in neonates whose mothers smoked during pregnancy?
- Normal size for gestational age.
- Small size for gestational age.
- Large size for gestational age.
- Microcephalic for gestational age.
The correct answer is B. Neonates of women who smoked during pregnancy are usually small because nicotine causes vasoconstriction, which reduces blood flow, thus nutrient transfer to fetus. Smokers risk poor nutrition as well. The other selections are incorrect.