Maternal / Newborn Question #18


A pregnant woman who is diagnosed with HIV asks the nurse about the risk of her baby having HIV. Which statement provides the best explanation about fetal risks to the pregnant woman?


  1. “Most babies of HIV mothers are also HIV positive.”
    • Rationale:
  2. “If you take antiviral medications, the likelihood of HIV infection will be less.
    • Rationale:
  3. “How long did you have contact with the person who carried HIV?”
    • Rationale:
  4. “The baby’s immune system will most likely be affected.”
    • Rationale:



Risk of transmission of HIV is reduced if the pregnant woman is treated with antiretroviral therapy. The other options do not explain the chances of having an infant infected with HIV.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale