Fundamentals Question #45


Which individual can legally sign an informed consent?


  1. A client under the age of 18
    • Rationale:
  2. A confused client
    • Rationale:
  3. A nurse
    • Rationale:
  4. An emancipated minor
    • Rationale:



The correct answer is D. An emancipated minor is one who assumes most adult responsibilities before reaching the age of majority (usually 18). Emancipated minors are no longer considered to be under the care and control of parents such as being legally married, joining the military, or being granted by the court. A minor under age 18 is required to have parents or a legal guardian sign the consent. A confused client may not understand the reason the document is being signed. A nurse does not sign informed consent on behalf of the client but can be the witness of signature.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale