Fundamentals Question #18


A client is diagnosed with methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) pneumonia. What type of isolation is appropriate for this client?


  1. Standard isolation
    • Rationale:
  2. Respiratory isolation
    • Rationale:
  3. Contact isolation
    • Rationale:
  4. Reverse isolation
    • Rationale:



The correct answer is C. MRSA is usually transmitted by contact (touch) through bed linens, bed rails, bathroom fixtures, and medical equipment. It can spread to other people on contaminated equipment and on the hands of healthcare providers and visitors. Standard precautions usually only include gloves and handwashing. MRSA is not transmitted through the respiratory system via coughing or sneezing. Reverse isolation is for clients who have a very low white blood cell count and require protection from potential outside sources of infection.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale