Endocrine Question #33


The nurse is assessing a client with frequent exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who has been taking predisone for 6 months. Which of the following indicate an adverse effect of taking prednisone?


  1. Weight gain
    • Rationale:
  2. Photosensitivity
    • Rationale:
  3. Hair loss
    • Rationale:
  4. Low blood pressure
    • Rationale:



Use of steroids may cause weight gain. Use of prednisone does not cause photosensitivity, hair loss, or low blood pressure. Corticosteroids such as prednisone are used in treatment of acute exacerbations of COPD. The drug helps with inflammation of the lining of airway passages in the lungs. Prednisone also enhances the effectiveness of inhaled bronchodilators. Side effects may include mood swings, increased blood pressure, swelling of hands/feet, water retention (thus weight gain), osteoporosis, cataracts elevated glucose (which may become diabetes), and immunosuppression.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale