Endocrine Question #19


Then nurse is discussing complications of diabetes with a client. Which topic would best describe the microvascular complications associated with diabetes?


  1. Myocardial infarction
    • Rationale:
  2. Atherosclerosis
    • Rationale:
  3. Metabolic syndrome
    • Rationale:
  4. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common microvascular complication.
    • Rationale:



Diabetic retinopathy is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes. The risk of developing the condition depends on degree of severity of hyperglycemia. Diabetic injury may arise from microvascular and macrovascular causes. Microvascular causes are from small vascular injury such as retinopathy and neuropathy while macrovascular injury involves larger blood vessels of the body. Mycocardial infarction, atherosclerosis and metabolic syndrome are MACROvascular complications.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale