Electrolytes Question #72


A client with hypotonic fluid excess will have to follow dietary restrictions at home. Which will the nurse instruct the client?


  1. Increase potassium-rich foods
    • Rationale:
  2. Increase sodium intake
    • Rationale:
  3. Decrease sodium intake
    • Rationale:
  4. Increase fluid intake
    • Rationale:



The correct answer is B. In hypotonic fluid excess there is insufficient amounts of sodium in the body. Decreasing sodium and increasing fluids will further exacerbate the hypotonic fluid excess. Potassium does not affect hypotonic fluid excess.

NCLEX TIP: Using critical thinking is recommended when reading priority questions. Recognizing key words in the answer choices will allow you to know how to choose the correct answer for the question. Go through each answer choice and decide is it: Maslow’s hierarchy, safety-related, or following the nursing process (ADPIE). Never complete a nursing action that is outside the scope of practice.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale