Electrolytes Question #7


A client has a serum sodium level of 150 mEq/L. The nurse reports the serum sodium level to the healthcare provider who prescribes dietary instructions based on the sodium level. Which food item does the nurse instruct the client to avoid?


  1. Peas
    • Rationale:
  2. Cauliflower
    • Rationale:
  3. Low-fat yogurt
    • Rationale:
  4. Processed oat cereals
    • Rationale:



The correct answer is D. Avoiding foods high in sodium, such as processed oat cereals, is recommended for an elevated sodium level. Limiting the intake of sodium will help lower the serum sodium level. A high sodium level can cause dehydration, nausea, seizures, and even loss of consciousness/coma.

NCLEX TIP: Using critical thinking is recommended when reading priority questions. Recognizing key words in the answer choices will allow you to know how to choose the correct answer for the question. Go through each answer choice and decide is it: Maslow’s hierarchy, safety-related, or following the nursing process (ADPIE). Never complete a nursing action that is outside the scope of practice.

Learning Outcomes

Test Taking Tip

Video Rationale