Anatomy & Physiology Musculoskeletal #25


The nurse assists a client with range of motion (ROM) exercises. The client had a right sided stroke that impacts the left side of the body. When moving the left arm away from the trunk of the body, which muscular movement is the nurse performing for this client?


  1. Rotation
    • Rationale:

      Rotation is the circular movement of a joint or muscle that allows the body part to move in a circular manner.

  2. Inversion
    • Rationale:

      Inversion is the turning of a joint inward.

  3. Adduction
    • Rationale:

      Adduction is movement toward the middle of the body.

  4. Abduction
    • Rationale:

      Abduction is movement away from the middle of the body; therefore, the nurse who moves an arm away from the trunk is performing abduction.


Range of motion (ROM) is the term that describes the specific movements or motions that each muscle is capable of performing.


Learning Outcomes

Muscles throughout the body are capable of many different movements or motions. Many muscle movements may be described in reference to the planes of the body. In addition, these movements may also be related to changes from the normal anatomical position. Other descriptions simply describe a given movement. Abduction is a term that is documented when moving one limb away from the trunk of the body.

Test Taking Tip

Consider the definition for each answer choice to answer this question correctly.

Video Rationale