Anatomy & Physiology Musculoskeletal #16

Question

Which type of fracture breaks through the skin and, therefore, increases the client’s risk for infection?

Answers

  1. Open fracture
    • Rationale:

      An open fracture is a break in the bone that causes the bone to come through the surface of the skin. This type of fracture increases the client’s risk for infection.

  2. Simple fracture
    • Rationale:

      A simple fracture is defined as a fracture that does not break through the surface of the skin. Another term for a simple fracture is a closed fracture.

  3. Complete fracture
    • Rationale:

      A complete fracture is defined as a fracture that involves the entire cross section of the fractured bone.

  4. Incomplete fracture
    • Rationale:

      An incomplete fracture is a fracture that affects only part of the bone and not the entire cross section of the bone.

Overview

A fracture is defined as a broken bone.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

There are several different types and patterns for fractures. It is important for the nurse to be aware of these types and patterns for assessment and documentation purposes. An open fracture is one that breaks through the skin increasing the client’s risk for infection.

Test Taking Tip

Consider the definition of each type of fracture to correctly answer this question.

Video Rationale