Anatomy & Physiology Immune #6

Question

Which is an example of artificially-acquired passive immunity?

Answers

  1. The patient who receives a varicella immunization.
    • Rationale:

      The varicella vaccine provides artificially-acquired active, not passive, immunity.

  2. The patient who receives a pertussis immunization.
    • Rationale:

      The pertussis vaccine provides artificially-acquired active, not passive, immunity.

  3. The patient who receives a gamma globulin immunization.
    • Rationale:

      Artificially-acquired passive immunity is a short-live, yet immediate, form of immunity that is provided by the injection of antibodies, such as a gamma globulin immunization, that are not produced by the recipient’s cells. These antibodies are developed in an animal, or another individual, and then injected via the immunization process.

  4. The patient who receives the measles, mumps, rubella immunization.
    • Rationale:

      The measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine provides artificially-acquired active, not passive, immunity.

Overview

Immunity is defined as the ability of an organism to resist particular infections or toxins via specific antibodies or white blood cells that are sensitized.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

There are four basic types of immunity within the human body. These types of immunity include active immunity, artificial immunity, natural immunity, and passive immunity. Artificially-acquired passive immunity is acquired by the injection of antibodies (e.g., gamma globulin immunization) that are not produced by an individual’s own cells.

Test Taking Tip

Consider the definition of passive artificially-acquired immunity when determining the correct choice for this question.

Video Rationale